How far do you travel for routine activities such as going to work? The average person travels 40-60 km a day to go to and from work. Well, even the most extravagant electric car can cover twice the distance above. The Hyundai Ioniq that you see here is capable of traveling up to 270 km. Nissan Leaf can run up to 240 km, on a single battery charge.
The assumption that EVs are sluggish, aka there is no power, may be because they are often associated with golf carts. Don’t compare. Highway electric cars have qualified performance according to their designation. Spectacular example, the highest version of the Tesla Model S even broke the record as the fastest mass car. Acceleration from 0-100 km/h is achieved in 2.5 seconds.
Now this is the most frequently asked question, apart from the distance traveled. Not to worry is the shortest answer. More fully, the manufacturer has prepared a qualified safety device in the car. According to the United States NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), the electric cars they tested were able to provide a good rating for passenger protection. Battery? Just the same. Safe from collision. They also emphasized that the incidence of fires due to collisions with electric cars could be compared to cars that use fuel.
Difficult to Manage
On the other hand, electric cars are very easy and inexpensive to maintain. The number of components that are much less than conventional machines allows for significantly reduced maintenance and component replacement costs. For example, you don’t need to change the oil and filters, spark plugs, timing belt, air filter, fuel filter, and so on.
Difficult to Recharge the Battery
No need to worry. While the battery charging infrastructure is being seriously developed by the government and the private sector, most electric cars will be recharged more often at home or in the office parking lot. Currently, SPKLU (General Electric Vehicle Charging Station) infrastructure is available in various cities in Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi. Digital applications to help find SPKLU already exist and are easy to use.
Not Too Environmentally Friendly
What should be known is, EV converts 70 percent of chemical energy to drive the wheels. Compare this with conventional vehicles that only convert 20 percent of the chemical energy contained in fuel. Plus, electric cars do not produce emissions directly through the exhaust. Because there is no combustion products that must be removed.
The cost of using an electric car is very cheap
Referring to the Regulation of the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Number 28 of 2016. The tariff for the use of General Electric Charging Stations (SPLU) is included in the use of electricity for special purposes at a cost of Rp. 1,650 per kWh. Based on their calculations. BEV cars are much more efficient than conventional-engined vehicles or the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). Here’s the calculation:
• Based on the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The cost of charging an electric vehicle is around Rp. 1,650 per kWh for home charging.
• Charging at SPLU costs IDR 2,466.7 per kWh.
• For example, take the cheapest cost for charging at home. To charge the Hyundai Kona EV with a 39.2 kWh battery. From a 0 percent empty condition to a 100 percent full battery is Rp. 1,650 x 39.2 kWh = Rp. 64.6 thousand.
• Then the mileage of the Hyundai Kona EV when the battery is full can be 345 km based on the NEDC test method. Then the cruising range can be as far as 289 km based on WLTP in one full battery charge.
• If based on sell my car, the distance traveled is 289 km divided by 39.2 kWh (battery capacity) then the result is 7.37 kWh/km. This means that you pay IDR 1,650 to cover a distance of 7.37 km. Or if you want more detail, the two variables are divided, so that you get a result of IDR 223.8 per kilometer. Very efficient isn’t it?
• It should be noted that lithium battery technology in today’s electric vehicles is more sophisticated. So it doesn’t have to be drastically reduced before charging the battery. You can charge anytime anywhere, as long as there is electricity or SPLU.
In contrast to gasoline-fueled cars (ICE). Take for example the use of private cars in the city at an average of 15 km / liter. Then the fuel used is 92 octane.
• The price of RON 92 gasoline is around Rp. 9,000.
• Then the use of conventional engine cars per kilometer is the price of gasoline divided by the average consumption. As a result, it costs Rp.600 to cover one kilometer. While the electric car is only Rp. 223.8. Even PLN gives a 30 percent discount for charging hours from 22.00 to 05.00 (home charging).
When using PLN home charging, customers will be connected directly to the PLN Mobile system. So you can monitor the charging in real time from your phone through this application. PLN also provides additional power incentives. If already registered, consumers get a special price of Rp. 150,000 with added power of up to 11,000 VA. Then Rp. 450,000 to add power up to 16,500 VA.
On the other hand. PLN targets to be ready to build 67 more SPKLU units spread across Indonesia by the end of this year. Meanwhile, according to the Grand National Energy Strategy. The government has set the construction of 572 SPKLU in 2021 and will reach 31 thousand units by 2030.
How to Charge an Electric Car Battery
Indonesia is welcoming the arrival of the electrification era. This zero-emission car ecosystem is slowly starting to emerge. Then the manufacturers here are now also selling a lot of battery electric vehicles or BEVs. Charging infrastructure is now starting to be available in several locations. The government and related agencies are slowly increasing the number of Public Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (SPKLU). So what about charging?
When you use a pure electric car. Charging can be done publicly or privately. To be sure, there must be a power source, adapter, and connector connected to the battery. There are two kinds of stun-powered car battery charging. The first is an on-board charger and the second option is an off-board charger.
• Well, if through the on-board charger method. You can charge from an electric car that has a charger installed in the car.
• The incoming electricity uses alternating current (AC). So, this charger functions as an adapter that converts alternating current (AC) from the outside into direct current (DC). Then the power is put into the battery.
• If it’s an off-board charger, it means that the charger is in a separate charger position. That’s right, not being one with the in-car battery charging system.
• The incoming stun is direct current (DC) and is directly inserted into the battery.
• Most electric cars use an on-board charger charging system. For this type of off-board charger is rarely found. However, some electric cars support off-board charging.
Ease of Charging Electric Car Batteries
The advantage of pure electric cars is that the charging method is very easy and flexible. BEV type cars are equipped with options for battery charging.
• You can use the in-cable control box (ICCB) / portable charger. Specifically designed so that users can charge through a standard power outlet at home or anywhere else.
• Through SPKLU, you can even charge it for about an hour via fast charging mode. To find common charging locations, you can download and use the Charge.in app.
• Then find out how long it takes to charge. The formula for calculating charging is the sum of the battery capacity divided by the charger capacity.
• For example car X has a battery capacity of 75 kWh and a charger capacity of 22 kW. Means it takes about 3.4 hours to fully charge.